Popularity of permanent cosmetics is on the rise. Unfortunately, the popularity also comes with non-experienced and uneducated artists performing services they aren't prepared to perform. Please check the credentials of your permanent makeup artist before agreeing to any procedure. Look at before and afters and ask them if you can contact a previous client. Make sure the artist is fully insured. I promise you that doing your due diligence will pay off. Often in this industry a low price means trouble. So always remember when it comes to your face there is no compromise!
Physical methods include cryosurgery, with the use of Freon sprays, carbon dioxide and liquid nitrogen; heat, with the use of electrocautery with or without curettage and ultraviolet light; and laser therapy, with the use of carbon dioxide or argon lasers. Complications related to all previously mentioned techniques include: hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, atrophy, keloids, hypertrophic scars, local hyperesthesia, and failure to remove the pigment itself.
Salt Abrasion involves the use of mechanically applied salts. Chemical Methods are still being used today; normally they include phenol, nitric acid, tannic acid, sulfuric acid, silver nitrate, and salicylic acid in the combination of dermabrasion with tannic acid of silver nitrate. Today there are new chemical treatments using Tretinoin/Retin-A, Eliminink ™ and FADE™.
Simple excision with primary closure is appropriate for small tattoos; for larger tattoos, the following can be used:
– Punch-removal with or without sutures for small dark tattoos;
– Dermatome removal – with or without grafting;
– Dermabrasion – using a wire brush or diamond fraise with or without grafting.
You may also want to view other articles related to laser removal.